Friday, December 08, 2017

Scientists create atlas of developing human brain, the most complex human organ



Scientists create atlas of developing human brain, the most complex human organ

From Mind the Gap, a Flipboard magazine by Lawrence Villegas

Everybody likes travelling around the world but what if we tell you that now you can travel through human brains as…

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Read it on indiatoday.intoday.in




Sunday, November 26, 2017

How do the brains of intelligent people work?



How do the brains of intelligent people work?

From NEUROSCIENCE, a Flipboard magazine by Glossex

People with a higher-than-average intelligence level have brains that are "wired" in a different way, researchers say. A new study suggests that…

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Read it on medicalnewstoday.com




Wednesday, November 22, 2017

DARPA Is Spending $65 Million to Meld Mind and Machine



DARPA Is Spending $65 Million to Meld Mind and Machine

The U.S. defense agency that specializes in "out-there" science and technology endeavors is on a quest to bridge the gap between brain and…

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Read it on blogs.discovermagazine.com




Fronto-parietal structural connectivity in childhood predicts development of functional connectivity and reasoning ability: a large-scale longitudinal investigation



Fronto-parietal structural connectivity in childhood predicts development of functional connectivity and reasoning ability: a large-scale longitudinal investigation

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Read it on jneurosci.org




Friday, November 17, 2017

Can brain training reduce dementia risk? Despite new research, the jury is still out



Can brain training reduce dementia risk? Despite new research, the jury is still out

From The Guardian, a Flipboard magazine by The Guardian

There are good reasons to be cautious about a new study claiming computer-based training can reduce the risk of…

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Read it on theguardian.com




Dementia breakthrough? Brain-training game 'significantly reduces risk'



Dementia breakthrough? Brain-training game 'significantly reduces risk'

From Brain, a Flipboard magazine by tommysclee

A recent study has been hailed as a "breakthrough" in dementia prevention, after finding that a brain-training exercise can…

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Read it on medicalnewstoday.com




Wednesday, November 15, 2017

How emotions influence our internal clock



How emotions influence our internal clock

Human beings have an internal clock that enables the subconscious perception and estimation of time periods. A research team under Dr. Roland Thomaschke of…

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Read it on medicalxpress.com




Monday, November 13, 2017

Memory complaints and cognitive decline: Data from the GuidAge study



Memory complaints and cognitive decline: Data from the GuidAge study

From THE SCIENCE OF My LIFE, a Flipboard magazine by duskdiver

A memory complaint, also called Subjective Cognitive Decline (SCD), is a subjective disorder that appears to be relatively common,…

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Read it on eurekalert.org



******************************************************
Kevin McGrew, PhD
Educational Psychologist
Director, Institute for Applied Psychometrics
IAP
******************************************************

Neurons are seen exploding across the brain "like fireworks" in the most detailed map ever made



Neurons are seen exploding across the brain "like fireworks" in the most detailed map ever made

From Brain Philosophy, a Flipboard magazine by Sandra Clark

Beyond teaching us more about the structure of the brain, these maps could help unlock some of the…

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Read it on alphr.com




Sunday, November 12, 2017

Brain imaging reveals brain stem alterations in children with autism



Brain imaging reveals brain stem alterations in children with autism

From Brain/Vision, a Flipboard magazine by CinemaoftheMind

Children with autism show different patterns of connectivity than controls do in brain stem regions associated with balance.…

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Read it on spectrumnews.org




Brain imaging reveals brain stem alterations in children with autism



Brain imaging reveals brain stem alterations in children with autism

From Brain/Vision, a Flipboard magazine by CinemaoftheMind

Children with autism show different patterns of connectivity than controls do in brain stem regions associated with balance.…

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Read it on spectrumnews.org




Friday, November 10, 2017

Research Byte: Is General Intelligence Little More Than the Speed of Higher-Order Processing?

Although a small sample, this is still and interesting study. The results are consistent with the continued nexus of the g, Gf, Gwm, attentional control and speed of higher order processing (especially P300 in ERP’s), white matter tract integrity and the PFIT model of intelligence as well as the recent process overlap theory (POT) of g.

Click on images to enlarge









Article link.

Anna-Lena Schubert, Dirk Hagemann, and Gidon T. Frischkorn Heidelberg University

ABSTRACT

Individual differences in the speed of information processing have been hypothesized to give rise to individual differences in general intelligence. Consistent with this hypothesis, reaction times (RTs) and latencies of event-related potential have been shown to be moderately associated with intelligence. These associations have been explained either in terms of individual differences in some brain-wide property such as myelination, the speed of neural oscillations, or white-matter tract integrity, or in terms of individual differences in specific processes such as the signal-to-noise ratio in evidence accumulation, executive control, or the cholinergic system. Here we show in a sample of 122 participants, who completed a battery of RT tasks at 2 laboratory sessions while an EEG was recorded, that more intelligent individuals have a higher speed of higher-order information processing that explains about 80% of the variance in general intelligence. Our results do not support the notion that individuals with higher levels of general intelligence show advantages in some brain-wide property. Instead, they suggest that more intelligent individuals benefit from a more efficient transmission of information from frontal attention and working memory processes to temporal-parietal processes of memory storage.

Keywords: ERP latencies, event-related potentials, intelligence, processing speed, reaction times



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Thursday, November 09, 2017

Childhood Music Training Induces Change in Micro and Macroscopic Brain Structure: Results from a Longitudinal Study | Cerebral Cortex



Childhood Music Training Induces Change in Micro and Macroscopic Brain Structure: Results from a Longitudinal Study | Cerebral Cortex

From Neuro, a Flipboard magazine by Jack

Several studies comparing adult musicians and nonmusicians have…

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Monday, November 06, 2017

12 Finalists named to take part in the Brainnovations Pitch Contest (December 6th, 2017)



12 Finalists named to take part in the Brainnovations Pitch Contest (December 6th, 2017)

Proud and excited to announce the 12 groundbreaking startups that will get to pitch their idea and solutions at…

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Read it on sharpbrains.com




Sunday, November 05, 2017

Wig (2017, in press)-Segregated Systems of Human Brain Networks


Click on images to enlarge.

Article link.

This is an excellent and thought provoking brain network review that addresses the push-pull between optimal (and necessary) brain network segregation and more transient and fluid integration “on demand” to meet new task demands. Excellent summary.








ABSTRACT

The organization of the brain network enables its function. Evaluation of this organization has revealed that large-scale brain networks consist of multiple segregated subnetworks of interacting brain areas. Descriptions of resting-state network architecture have provided clues for understanding the functional significance of these segregated subnetworks, many of which correspond to distinct brain systems. The present report synthesizes accumulating evidence to reveal how maintaining segregated brain systems renders the human brain network functionally specialized, adaptable to task demands, and largely resilient following focal brain damage. The organizational properties
that support system segregation are harmonious with the properties that promote integration across the network, but confer unique and important features to the brain network that are central to its function and behavior.

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Friday, November 03, 2017

The landscape of brain health innovation: 130 experts and pioneers in 18 countries (and counting)



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The landscape of brain health innovation: 130 experts and pioneers in 18 countries (and counting)
// SharpBrains

— Registrants for the 2017 SharpBrains Virtual Summit (December 5-7th) as of November 3rd, 2017

Just a quick update on how registration stands for the upcoming 2017 SharpBrains Virtual Summit: Brain Health & Enhancement in the Digital Age (December 5-7th).

We are proud to report that so far 130 experts, pioneers and practitioners are registered to participate.

95 seem to be based in the US and 35 abroad, based on IP address during registration, with the following country breakdown:

  • United States 95
  • Australia 7
  • Canada 6
  • United Kingdom 4
  • Israel 3
  • Norway 2
  • Italy 2
  • Taiwan 1
  • Singapore 1
  • India 1
  • France 1
  • Sweden 1
  • Spain 1
  • Portugal 1
  • Brazil 1
  • Argentina 1
  • South Africa 1
  • Brunei 1

__________

Please consider joining us to explore the latest brain science and tech and market trends and to help shape Brain Health & Enhancement in the Digital Age.

For context, organizations represented in past Summits include: AARP, Alegent Health Immanuel Medical Center, Allstate Insurance, Alzheimer's Association, BBC, Bon Secours New York Health System, Brain Injury Association of America, Campbell Soup Company, Greenville Hospital System, Harvard Business Review, HealthComm Inc., Human Dimension Taskforce, US Army, Institute For The Future, Intel, Johnson & Johnson, Los Angeles County Dept of Public Health, McGovern Institute of Neurotechnology, MIT, National Resource Ctr. Osher Lifelong Learning Institutes, Nutrition Science Solutions, One Laptop Per Child, OptumHealth Behavioral Solutions, Piedmont Gardens, PsychologyToday, Procter & Gamble, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Stanford University, Sun Microsystems, UC Berkeley, UnitedHealth Group, Winter Park Health Foundation, Workers' Compensation Regulatory Authority, UCSF.

And the backgrounds of previous participants include: Biomedical Engineers, CEOs, Digital Media professionals, Entrepreneurs, Game publishers, Healthcare technologists, Marketing Executives, Medical Students, Neurologists, Neuropsychologists, Non profit board members, Occupational Therapists, Pharmaceutical Executives, Post doctorate researchers, Professors and Researchers, Psychiatrists, Psychologists, Psychotherapists, Scientific Publishers, Social Workers, Speech Pathologists, Talent management/HR, and Wellness professionals.

Looking forward to a great conference!

__________

Learn more & Reserve your Spot HERE

(10%-off promo code for SharpBrains readers: sharp2017)


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Thursday, November 02, 2017

How to detect the risk of dyslexia before learning to read - Scienmag: Latest Science and Health News



How to detect the risk of dyslexia before learning to read - Scienmag: Latest Science and Health News

Almost 10% of the world population suffers dyslexia. Establishing an early diagnosis would allow…

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Thursday, October 26, 2017

DARPA's new brain device increases learning speed by 40%



DARPA's new brain device increases learning speed by 40%

Cheap and Non-Invasive New research funded by the U.S. Department of Defense's Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA) has…

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Read it on futurism.com



******************************************************
Kevin McGrew, PhD
Educational Psychologist
Director, Institute for Applied Psychometrics
IAP
******************************************************

Musicians have better memory than nonmusicians: A meta-analysis

More research, this time a meta-analysis, documenting the cognitive benefits of musical training. I better not show this to my mother who never liked the fact that I only took one year of piano:)

Musicians have better memory than nonmusicians: A meta-analysis

Francesca Talamini, Gianmarco Altoรจ, Barbara Carretti, Massimo Grassi

Abstract

The three meta-analyses revealed a small effect size for long-term memory, and a medium effect size for short-term and working memory, suggesting that musicians perform better than nonmusicians in memory tasks. Moreover, the effect of the moderator suggested that, the type of stimuli influences this advantage.

Click on image to enlarge.




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Wednesday, October 25, 2017

More support for P-FIT model of intelligence

Abstract

The authors describe the brain regions involved in the process of intelligence using as a basis, the models of the theory of frontoparietal integration (P-FIT Model). They also correlate the model described with functional areas of Brodmann, integrating them into the tertiary brain areas and address the subcortical structures involved in cognitive processes, including the memory. The studies performed by functional magnetic resonance, also unmask various regions related with intelligence, neither previously described by Brodmann nor even in conventional models of learning. The anterior insular cortex presents itself as the most recent tertiary area to be considered. Subcortical structures, when injured, mimick injuries to the cerebral cortex, demonstrating their great participation in cognition. The topographies of aphasia and the functioning mechanisms of the bearers of learning disorders, including dyslexic, dysgraphia and dyscalculic should be reconsidered. A better understanding of this topographic anatomy may clarify the mechanisms used in those individuals with cerebral lesions.

Click on images to enlarge







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Sunday, October 22, 2017

Elsevier Neuroscience Books Win BMA Book Awards | SciTech Connect



Elsevier Neuroscience Books Win BMA Book Awards | SciTech Connect

We are proud to announce that several Elsevier neuroscience books were honored at the British Medical Association (BMA) annual 2017…

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Thursday, October 12, 2017

Meet 40 Experts and Innovators shaping Brain Health & Enhancement on December 5-7th, at the 2017 SharpBrains Virtual Summit



Meet 40 Experts and Innovators shaping Brain Health & Enhancement on December 5-7th, at the 2017 SharpBrains Virtual Summit

We are proud to announce these 40 confirmed Summit Speakers, Chairs and…

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Monday, October 09, 2017

Predicting when a sound will occur relies on the brain's motor system - Scienmag: Latest Science and Health News



Predicting when a sound will occur relies on the brain's motor system - Scienmag: Latest Science and Health News

Whether it is dancing or just tapping one foot to the beat, we all experience how…

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Thursday, September 28, 2017

Saturday, September 23, 2017

The Human Brain Is a Time Machine



The Human Brain Is a Time Machine

From New York Magazine, a Flipboard magazine by New York Magazine

"Time" is the most common noun in the English language, Dean Buonomano tells us on the first page of his new book, Your Brain Is a Time Machine: The Neuroscience and…

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Read it on nymag.com




Wednesday, September 20, 2017

Working Memory: How You Keep Things 'In Mind' Over the Short Term



Working Memory: How You Keep Things 'In Mind' Over the Short Term

From Twitter, a Flipboard magazine by Elsevier Neuro

When you need to remember a phone number, a shopping list or a set of instructions, you rely on what psychologists and neuroscientists…

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Read it on scitechconnect.elsevier.com



******************************************************
Kevin McGrew, PhD
Educational Psychologist
Director, Institute for Applied Psychometrics
IAP
******************************************************

Monday, September 18, 2017

Brain Training - The "Controversy"



Brain Training - The "Controversy"

From Twitter, a Flipboard magazine by Elsevier Neuro

The Meriam-Webster defines training as: "the skill, knowledge, or experience acquired by one that trains." In combination with the word "brain" it becomes a…

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Tuesday, September 12, 2017

Sharing Motor control of handwriting in the developing brain: A review via BrowZine

Motor control of handwriting in the developing brain: A review
Palmis, Sarah; Danna, Jeremy; Velay, Jean-Luc; Longcamp, Marieke
Cognitive Neuropsychology: Articles in press

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Saturday, September 09, 2017

Sharing Cerebellar Contributions to Language in Typical and Atypical Development: A Review via BrowZine

Cerebellar Contributions to Language in Typical and Atypical Development: A Review
Vias, Carolina; Dick, Anthony Steven
Developmental Neuropsychology: Articles in press

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Thursday, September 07, 2017

Smartphone app scans pupils to detect concussions



Smartphone app scans pupils to detect concussions

Severe concussions where a person is visibly shaken or knocked unconscious are obviously cause for concern, but milder ones that go undetected can…

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